The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is cautiously optimistic that the U.S. is slowing the unfold of monkeypox as new circumstances fall in a number of main cities.

“We’re watching this with cautious optimism, and really hopeful that many of our harm-reduction messages and our vaccines are getting out there and working,” CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky instructed reporters Friday throughout an replace on the monkeypox outbreak.

Although monkeypox circumstances are nonetheless rising nationally, the velocity of the outbreak seems to be slowing, Walensky stated. The U.S. has reported practically 17,000 monkeypox circumstances since May, greater than every other nation on the earth, in line with CDC knowledge.

In New York City, which has reported extra infections than every other jurisdiction, new monkeypox circumstances have dropped from greater than 70 per day on common to 9 as of Thursday, in line with knowledge from the town well being division.

Dr. Aswhin Vasan, the town well being commissioner, stated earlier this week the outbreak has slowed as a consequence of elevated vaccination and neighborhood outreach efforts. New York City has reported a complete of two,888 monkeypox circumstances.

In Chicago, one other main epicenter of the outbreak, new circumstances have dropped from 141 in the course of the week ended July 30 to 74 for the week ended Aug. 20, in line with that metropolis’s well being division. Chicago has reported a complete of 807 circumstances.

“We’re not seeing the potentially exponential growth that we were seeing early on so that is reassuring,” stated Dr. Allison Arwady, Chicago’s public well being commissioner, throughout a Facebook dwell occasion earlier this week. “Too early to say things look really good, but definitely some signs of slowing of cases.”

The U.S. is nearing the purpose the place the whole neighborhood of homosexual and bisexual males who presently face the best well being danger from monkeypox rwill have entry to 2 doses of the monkeypox vaccine, in line with Dawn O’Connell, head of the workplace answerable for the nationwide stockpile on the Health and Human Services Department.

The CDC beforehand estimated that as much as 1.7 million homosexual and bisexual males who’re HIV-positive or are eligible for medication to scale back their probability of contracting HIV face the best well being danger from monkeypox.

The U.S. has distributed 1.5 million doses of the monkeypox vaccine to this point and greater than 3 million doses needs to be obtainable by when the newest distribution spherical is full, in line with O’Connell.

To date, the outbreak is disproportionately affecting Black and Hispanic males. About 30% of monkeypox sufferers are white, 32% are Hispanic and 23% are Black, in line with CDC knowledge. Whites make up about 59% of the U.S. inhabitants whereas Hispanics and Blacks account for 19% and 13%, respectively.

The monkeypox vaccine, known as Jynneos within the U.S., is run in two doses 28 days aside. The sufferers is not going to have full safety from the vaccine till two weeks after the second dose is run, in line with the CDC. Data from 19 jurisdictions present that just about 97% of the photographs administered to this point have been first doses, in line with Walensky.

About 94% of monkeypox circumstances are related to sexual contact and practically all the individuals who have contracted the virus are males who’ve intercourse with males, in line with Demetre Daskalakis, the deputy head of the White House monkeypox response staff.

A CDC survey of 824 homosexual and bisexual males discovered that 48% respondents have lowered their variety of sexual companions and 50% have lowered one-time sexual encounters in the course of the present outbreak. A separate CDC examine discovered {that a} 40% lower in one-time sexual encounters would cut back the ultimate share of homosexual and bisexual males contaminated with monkeypox by as much as 31%.

“We’re actually seeing vaccine get out, behaviors change, harm-reduction messages being heard and implemented,” Walensky stated. “And all of that working together to bend the curve.”