If there’s a method most lifters can enhance their coaching plan, it’s not about fixing their time spent coaching. It’s about fixing their time spent not coaching. Rest between units is an especially undervalued variable in program design.

Many lifters know that resting for a couple of minutes permits higher restoration and lets them transfer heavier weights with larger depth. On the flip, reducing the remaining time brief amps up the demand on the guts to check their conditioning. But what about resting briefly whereas additionally shifting fairly heavy weights? That kind of exercise can redefine what coaching depth means.

Credit: Roman Chazov / Shutterstock

One of the best methods to do that is to work towards the clock with a programming methodology generally known as EMOM — each minute on the minute. Here’s how this high-intensity method to coaching could be the important thing to constructing power, enhancing approach, packing on dimension, and burning fats. Yep, one approach can do all that.

EMOM Training: Every Minute on the Minute

An EMOM exercise requires you to overlook what you suppose you recognize about units, reps, and relaxation intervals, as a result of it builds a complete new perspective. Instead of performing one set, resting for a sure period of time, and performing the subsequent set, EMOM coaching has you performing one set each minute on the minute. Re-read that. Every minute on the minute. E.M.O.M.

Whether you obtain one of many numerous apps that monitor EMOM exercises (SmartWod Timer and Interval Timer — HIIT Workouts are two you’ll be able to strive) or just monitor a clock with a second hand, when the time hits 0:00, you start your set and carry out your goal variety of reps, whether or not it’s a single repetition or a set of 20. When you end your set, you place the weights down and relaxation.

When the second hand hits 0:00 once more, you start your subsequent set. Continue this sequence all through the exercise, sometimes eight to twenty minutes complete. It’s important that each set begins proper on the minute.

You don’t begin setting your grip and stance at 0:00 and start your rep at 0:06. You begin the carry shifting at 0:00, whether or not you wish to or not. Spoiler alert: Just a couple of minutes into any session, you’re not going to wish to.

person standing with barbell across shouldersCredit: Mongkolchon Akesin / Shutterstock

The genius and brutality of this methodology is that the clock is essentially the most unforgiving coaching accomplice you’ll ever have. It’s going to tick-tick-tick irrespective of how exhausting you’re respiration. It’s going to say, “Get up and move” whether or not or not your muscular tissues are nonetheless burning. It will maintain you on monitor and accountable.

Also, your particular relaxation occasions will change relying on the period of your earlier set. As the exercise progresses and also you fatigue, every set might take barely longer as your relaxation intervals grow to be shorter.

For instance, a set of 5 reps may take 20 seconds firstly of the exercise, so that you get 40 seconds of relaxation. After a number of minutes, nonetheless, cumulative fatigue units in and people 5 reps might find yourself taking 25 or 30 seconds, whether or not the person reps are shifting slower otherwise you’re sneaking additional breaths between reps. This means you get much less relaxation for the subsequent set and the exercise will get tougher as you progress.

One key, nonetheless, is to not rush by with quick, sloppy reps simply to finish the set sooner and sneak in additional relaxation time. That’s counterproductive. Perform your reps correctly and with management, and admire that the brief relaxation intervals are integral to outcomes.

This revolutionary method to coaching was first carried out by Olympic weightlifters as a option to construct power in technical lifts, and extra just lately popularized by CrossFit athletes as a option to get severe conditioning in minimal time.

black and white photo of person performing front squatCredit: xamyak / Shutterstock

EMOM coaching builds power, energy, and strength-endurance — the flexibility to take care of energy output for an prolonged time frame. (1) Because of this endurance-related profit, it’s usually used as a conditioning or fats loss methodology, fairly than strictly for strength-building. It additionally has muscle-building purposes, as a option to enhance coaching quantity and stimulate progress.

Typically, EMOM units are carried out with actions like squats, deadlifts, Olympic carry variations, presses, and different multi-joint workout routines for low-rep units. One essential programming precept is to keep away from muscular failure throughout the exercise.

Because the remaining finally ends up being inadequate for full restoration, taking any set to failure will lead you proper right into a brick wall. Begin the exercise with units two or extra reps shy of failure and permit the brief rests to offer the problem. Toward the tip of the exercise, you’ll notice the load was lots.

EMOM Variations

EMOM is often carried out with one to 3 reps per minute for 10 to fifteen minutes, however there are a number of very efficient variations that may present totally different stimuli for quite a lot of targets. The particular programming could be tailored to varied targets. Think of EMOM as a sandbox — there are loads of other ways to play inside this protocol.

Longer exercises with heavier weights and decrease reps are well-suited for constructing power. Manipulating the whole exercise time and reps per minute will decide the outcomes.

Varying Rep Ranges

Instead of low-rep power constructing, EMOM can be utilized for a muscle-building exercise. (2) This works effectively with single-joint (isolation) workout routines carried out for eight to 10 reps EMOM for 5 to 10 minutes.

Isolation workout routines could be carried out extra rapidly than heavier compound workout routines, so a set of eight to 10 ought to take lower than 30 seconds to finish. This method retains the tempo fast and the depth excessive.

Moderate to greater reps will also be used with multi-joint workout routines so long as the reps don’t find yourself taking too lengthy to carry out. If the period of labor is just too excessive to start with (greater than 30 seconds or so), the already valuable relaxation time could have nowhere to go however down and your total efficiency will endure.

For instance, if a set of 12 squats takes 40 seconds (which permits 20 seconds relaxation), after just a few minutes fatigue will naturally lengthen the coaching nearer to 50 seconds and the remaining drops to 10 seconds. This shifts the exercise focus away from muscle-building and extra in direction of cardiovascular conditioning.

Every 30 Seconds

Performing reps each 30 seconds might not move as simply off the tongue — E30O30 or E30S— nevertheless it’s nonetheless an efficient variation of EMOM coaching, notably for drilling approach on an train. Performing one or two reps each 30 seconds for six to 12 minutes means that you can give attention to picture-perfect type, engrain good lifting habits, and construct talent in addition to power.

E30S additionally works effectively as a transition out of your common warm-up into your work units as a result of you’ll be able to obtain high-quality reps and immediately put together your joints and muscular tissues in minimal time.

This methodology will also be tailored as a high-intensity conditioning drill with low to reasonable reps. Performing 4 to 6 reps each 30 seconds for 5 to 10 minutes on the finish of a exercise can enhance anaerobic endurance and fat-burning.

For this to be handiest, the reps should be accomplished rapidly with sufficient time for relaxation. Explosive workout routines like kettlebell swings or easy body weight workout routines like push-ups or burpees are perfect for this kind of exercise.

EMOM with Different Exercises

While EMOM sometimes makes use of one train all through the exercise, you should use a unique train every minute relying in your targets. This is an especially environment friendly option to prepare the higher physique, decrease physique, and even your complete physique with a quick exercise. Choose one train per physique half and carry out 4 to eight reps EMOM for 15-25 minutes.

This methodology permits larger restoration between every repeated train, extra in keeping with conventional coaching, as a result of the coaching stress is dispersed between a number of actions. You might get two to 4 minutes between units of a single train, so you’ll be able to assault that motion with greater depth, however you’re nonetheless performing an train each minute, which retains the general coaching depth excessive as effectively.

Because this method requires utilizing extra gear concurrently, select workout routines that require little to no transition time. Free weights or cable stations could be extra helpful than specialised machines. If you wish to use the leg press, nevertheless it’s a 15-second stroll out of your earlier train, you’re spending valuable time getting there.

Full-Body Workout

  • Minute One: Deadlift
  • Minute Two: Overhead Press
  • Minute Three: Front Squat
  • Minute Four: Barbell Row
  • Minute Five: Deadlift
  • Minute Six: Overhead Press

Upper Body Workout

  • Minute One: Dip
  • Minute Two: Pull-up
  • Minute Three: Seated Dumbbell Press
  • Minute Four: Dip
  • Minute Five: Pull-up
  • Minute Six: Seated Dumbbell Press

Lower Body Workout

  • Minute One: Goblet Squat
  • Minute Two: Romanian Deadlift
  • Minute Three: Reverse Lunge, Right Leg
  • Minute Four: Reverse Lunge, Left Leg
  • Minute Five: Goblet Squat
  • Minute Six: Romanian Deadlift

shirtless person performing push-ups outdoorsCredit: oleksboiko / Shutterstock

Splitting a exercise into two workout routines and alternating even minutes/odd minutes is one other easy and efficient option to match much more complete coaching quantity into a ten to 20-minute exercise. For instance, performing squats on minutes one, three, 5, seven and 9 whereas performing push-ups on minutes two, 4, six, eight, and ten.

Combining any of those EMOM variations with body weight workout routines is a dependable go-to at any time when you’ll be able to’t get to a fitness center, you’re touring, need a mid-day train break, or want a fast lunch-hour exercise.

Programming EMOM for Your Goals

EMOM exercises are perfect for lifters with tight schedules due to the finite begin and finish time. Instead of going to the fitness center and hoping to be carried out in lower than 90 minutes, you stroll in understanding that you simply’ll be working in eight, 10, or 12-minute chunks — no matter your coaching plan requires.

Long-haired person in gym performing barbell deadliftCredit: platinumArt / Shutterstock

All you must do is observe the clock and also you’ll get a productive session carried out in that given timeframe. However, EMOM coaching is a flexible methodology that may be utilized to any purpose.

EMOM for Strength

EMOM can also be excellent for inexperienced persons or aggressive power athletes who wish to drill train approach. Beginners profit from repeated efficiency with out extreme fatigue, whereas extra skilled lifters can get acclimated to shifting heavy weights underneath near-contest situations, performing repeated near-maximal makes an attempt over a given time interval, whereas additionally refining approach.

This is one cause why the EMOM methodology was initially utilized by aggressive weightlifters. They have been capable of carry out explosive lifts one or two reps at a time, minute after minute after minute, whereas constructing power, energy, and essential approach.

EMOM for Muscle

Lifters targeted on growing muscular dimension will profit from EMOM exercises utilizing reasonable rep ranges, as defined above, as a option to enhance coaching quantity and set off extra muscle progress in a shorter exercise. (3)

For instance, doing a bench press for 5 units of eight reps may take seven or eight minutes complete. Doing the bench press for 8 reps EMOM for 5 minutes takes 5 minutes. Multiply that additional time throughout a number of workout routines in a exercise and the effectivity of EMOM turns into extra clear.

EMOM for Conditioning

EMOM gained newer recognition as a consequence of its frequent appearances in CrossFit exercises. Because EMOM could also be seen as a sort of interval coaching, it may be useful for cardiovascular well being in addition to fats loss. (4)(5)

EMOM is, basically, alternating comparatively brief intervals of high-intensity train with comparatively brief intervals of relaxation. If you have been operating on a monitor or pedaling a motorbike, you’d take into account that an interval exercise. The stimuli and results don’t change drastically simply since you’re doing 10 kettlebell clear & presses or 15 burpees as a substitute.

Sample EMOM Workouts

EMOM might sound like a cure-all approach that may ship outcomes for any lifter with any purpose. That declare is slightly hyperbolic, however not too far off.

Person in grey tank top performing kettlebell swingCredit: Jacob Lund / Shutterstock

Implementing EMOM classes into your program, both as standalone exercises or included into extra conventional coaching, generally is a game-changer. Here are a number of efficient methods to start out utilizing EMOM now.

Strength-Building EMOM

  • Power Clean: Two reps EMOM x 10 minutes.
  • Squat: One rep EMOM x 12 minutes.
  • Flat Bench Press: Two reps EMOM x eight minutes.

Muscle-Building EMOM

  • Incline Dumbbell Press: Six reps EMOM x eight minutes.
  • Pec-Deck Flye: 12 reps EMOM x 5 minutes.
  • Push-Up: 5 reps E30S x 5 minutes.

Fat-Burning EMOM

15 complete minutes of:

  • Minute One: Goblet squat 10 reps
  • Minute Two: Overhead press 15 reps
  • Minute Three: Mountain climbers 20 reps

Just One Minute

The rule was “do a set, rest 90 seconds, do another set.” By flipping that on its head and eradicating a particular relaxation interval, EMOM coaching takes you from resting passively to being actively concerned for the complete exercise, strolling the road between uncomfortable fatigue and high-performance lifting. If you have been ever curious how a lot self-discipline you actually have, go learn the way you deal with your self 14 minutes and 55 seconds right into a 15-minute squat EMOM exercise.


  1. Tufano JJ, Conlon JA, Nimphius S, Brown LE, Seitz LB, Williamson BD, Haff GG. Maintenance of Velocity and Power With Cluster Sets During High-Volume Back Squats. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2016 Oct;11(7):885-892. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2015-0602. Epub 2016 Aug 24. PMID: 26791936.
  2. González-Hernández JM, García-Ramos A, Castaño-Zambudio A, Capelo-Ramírez F, Marquez G, Boullosa D, Jiménez-Reyes P. Mechanical, Metabolic, and Perceptual Acute Responses to Different Set Configurations in Full Squat. J Strength Cond Res. 2020 Jun;34(6):1581-1590. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002117. PMID: 28700515.
  3. Schoenfeld, Brad J et al. “Resistance Training Volume Enhances Muscle Hypertrophy but Not Strength in Trained Men.” Medicine and science in sports activities and train vol. 51,1 (2019): 94-103. doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000001764
  4. Ito, Shigenori. “High-intensity interval training for health benefits and care of cardiac diseases – The key to an efficient exercise protocol.” World journal of cardiology vol. 11,7 (2019): 171-188. doi:10.4330/wjc.v11.i7.171
  5. Boutcher, Stephen H. “High-intensity intermittent exercise and fat loss.” Journal of weight problems vol. 2011 (2011): 868305. doi:10.1155/2011/868305

Featured Image: platinumArt / Shutterstock