Barely a month after the Food and Drug Administration licensed Covid-19 vaccines for very younger kids, the prognosis that giant numbers of them will truly get the pictures seems to be bleak, in keeping with a brand new survey of oldsters launched on Tuesday by the Kaiser Family Foundation, which has monitored vaccine attitudes all through the pandemic.

A majority of oldsters polled mentioned they thought of the vaccine a better threat to their kids than the coronavirus itself.

For kids within the age group, 6 months via 4 years, parental apprehension has thus far resulted within the administration of scarcely a trickle of Covid pictures. Since June 18, once they turned eligible, simply 2.8 p.c of these kids had acquired pictures, the muse discovered not too long ago in a separate evaluation of federal vaccine information. By comparability, 18.5 p.c of kids ages 5 via 11, who’ve been eligible for Covid pictures since October, had been vaccinated at the same level within the rollout of their pictures.

The new survey discovered that 43 p.c of oldsters with kids underneath 5 mentioned they’d “definitely not” have them vaccinated. About 27 p.c mentioned they’d “wait and see,” whereas one other 13 p.c mentioned they’d have their kids vaccinated “only if required.” Even some dad and mom who had been themselves vaccinated in opposition to Covid mentioned they’d not give permission for his or her youngest kids.

The new evaluation of oldsters’ views comes as vaccine uptake for older kids has been slowing markedly. To date, solely 40 p.c of kids 5 to 11 have been vaccinated. In the brand new survey, 37 p.c of oldsters mentioned they’d “definitely not” get a Covid vaccine for his or her youngster in that age group.

The dad and mom’ chief issues had been about potential unwanted side effects of the vaccine, its relative newness and what they felt was a scarcity of ample analysis. Many dad and mom mentioned they had been ready to let their kids take the danger of contracting Covid quite than getting a vaccine to stop it.

Experts on childhood vaccination mentioned they considered the dad and mom’ hesitation with alarm, coming at a time when Covid instances are as soon as once more hovering and anticipated to worsen throughout the chilly climate months, and as the potential of new and probably extra harmful coronavirus variants stays.

Although a overwhelming majority of kids who come down with Covid recover from it simply, “some kids get very, very ill from it and some die,” mentioned Patricia A. Stinchfield, the president of the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases. She was not concerned within the Kaiser examine.

How a baby will fare with Covid is unpredictable, added Ms. Stinchfield, a nurse practitioner who coordinated vaccine administration for Children’s Minnesota, a kids’s hospital system in St. Paul and Minneapolis. “We have no marker for that,” she mentioned. “Half the kids who come down with severe Covid are healthy kids, with no underlying conditions. So the idea of saying ‘I’m going to skip this vaccine for my kid, we’re not worried about Covid’ is really to take a risk.”

Dr. Jason V. Terk, a pediatrician in Keller, Texas, acknowledged “the reality” that the extraordinarily contagious Omicron subvariant BA.5 “is evading both natural immunity and vaccination immunity much more than other variants.” Still, he mentioned, “The vaccine is the best way to protect younger children from the occasions in which Covid-19 causes more severe illness.”

This newest report is predicated on an internet and phone survey from July 7 to July 17 of 1,847 adults, 471 of whom had a baby underneath 5. The margin of error was plus or minus 3 share factors for the complete pattern, and plus or minus 8 share factors for fogeys with a baby underneath 5.

Perhaps unsurprisingly, the partisan divide was particularly sharp round vaccination for youngsters, with Republican dad and mom thrice as probably as Democratic dad and mom to say they may “definitely not” have their youngster vaccinated.

A majority of oldsters mentioned they discovered data from the federal authorities concerning the vaccine for his or her kids to be complicated. Yet 70 p.c mentioned they’d not but mentioned the pictures with a pediatrician. Just 27 p.c of these dad and mom who’re contemplating the vaccine mentioned they’d make an appointment to have that dialog.

“We would see much higher uptake for all ages if every child had a visit with a trusted pediatrician or family doctor who both recommended the vaccine and had it in stock to administer it,” mentioned Dr. Sean T. O’Leary, a Colorado-based pediatrician who’s chairman of the committee on infectious illness on the American Academy of Pediatrics.

“I recognize that not every child in America has a medical home,” he added, “but there are public health departments, federal health clinics and rural health centers throughout the U.S. trying to meet those needs.”

Parents who may be predisposed to having their kids get Covid pictures mentioned that lack of entry was a big barrier, a priority expressed by extra Black and Hispanic dad and mom than white dad and mom. About 44 p.c of Black dad and mom anxious about having to take day off from work to have their kids vaccinated or to take care of them if the youngsters had unwanted side effects. Among Hispanic dad and mom of younger kids, 45 p.c mentioned they had been anxious about discovering a reliable location for the pictures, and a few third feared they must pay a price.

Ms. Stinchfield mentioned she understood their issues: Her personal daughter needed to take off work to get vaccinations for Ms. Stinchfield’s grandchildren, ages 1 and three. Ms. Stinchfield went to a clinic with them. “The message to clinics is, Make the vaccine for kids available in the evenings and on weekends,” she mentioned.

Did her grandchildren have any unwanted side effects? No, Ms. Stinchfield mentioned with a chuckle. “They felt so good that we put them in a little kiddie pool,” she mentioned. “And now my granddaughter’s got a tan line from the Band-Aid from the shot on her leg.”