Quidditch, the game of boarding college wizards driving broomsticks in “Harry Potter,” will change into “Quadball” to the people who play the sport in actual life, its main organizations stated on Tuesday.

The teams cited monetary obstacles imposed by Warner Bros., the producer of the film collection, holding the trademark to Quidditch, in addition to a want to “distance themselves” from J.Okay. Rowling, the writer of the books, and what they known as her “anti-trans positions,” referring to her contentious statements on gender identification made in recent times.

“This is a bold move, and for me personally there is definitely some nostalgia to the original name,” Alex Benepe, who helped discovered the real-life sport in 2005, stated in an announcement. “But from a long-term development perspective I feel confident this is a smart decision for the future that will allow the sport to grow without limits.”

The path to the choice began in December, when U.S. Quidditch and Major League Quidditch — the youth {and professional} wings of the game — introduced their intention to decide on and trademark a brand new title. Their assertion emphasised “sponsorship and broadcast opportunities” that had been missed due to licensing points.

In a 2017 interview with The Quidditch Post, a information website dedicated to the game, Mr. Benepe praised Warner Bros. for being “remarkably permissive” in permitting a league to function and promote tickets beneath the title.

He added, nonetheless, that Warner Bros. had prohibited the sale of merchandise that used the phrase “Quidditch” and that the game had been pressured to sacrifice main enterprise alternatives. Mr. Benepe argued on the time — earlier than the newest political controversy with Ms. Rowling — for a reputation change.

“I love Harry Potter and always will, but if our sport needs Harry Potter to survive it must not be that great — and I believe that it is great and I think our players do too,” he stated.

Nevertheless, on Tuesday the International Quidditch Association, the game’s prime governing physique, listed Ms. Rowling’s “anti-trans positions” as its major motive for altering the game’s title.

“We’ve tried to be clear that it’s both reasons,” Jack McGovern, a spokesman for U.S. Quidditch and Major League Quidditch, stated in an interview. “We did not intend to give a value judgment about which reason was more important than the other.”

Quidditch matches steadily appeared as scenes within the Harry Potter books and films. The real-life model of it contains many components taken from Ms. Rowling’s creativeness of the sport: the driving of brooms, hurling balls by hoops and the necessity to evade bludgers, and finally catch the Golden Snitch. In actual life a bludger is a rubber dodgeball, moderately than a flying ball of iron, and the snitch is a tennis ball connected to an individual, as in flag soccer.

Thousands of individuals play the sport in additional than 40 international locations, in accordance with the International Quidditch Association.

After her feedback about transgender points on Twitter drew widespread consideration, Ms. Rowling revealed an essay in 2020 that raised issues about “pushing to erode the legal definition of sex and replace it with gender” and the rise in gender transition amongst younger individuals.

Many advocates for transgender rights have known as Ms. Rowling’s feedback transphobic, and a few followers have struggled to reconcile their love of “Harry Potter” with their objections to her views.Ms. Rowling’s representatives at The Blair Partnership stated there could be no touch upon the choice however stated that the assorted Quidditch leagues had by no means been endorsed or licensed by her.

“Quadball,” in accordance with the International Quidditch Association, refers back to the variety of positions within the sport (a keeper, chaser, beater and seeker) and the variety of balls (two bludgers, a quaffle and the snitch).

Mr. McGovern stated that the affiliation of Quidditch with Ms. Rowling had change into an impediment in recruiting new gamers, and he stated he didn’t understand how a lot the official our bodies of the game would confer with “Harry Potter” sooner or later.

His first publicity to real-life Quidditch, he stated, got here in 2010 when he was in center college. He persuaded one in every of his dad and mom to drive him from Philadelphia to New York City to see a Quidditch World Cup. He stated that he was struck by the “energy and life and forward momentum” of the sport, and that he was a “fan of obscure sports more generally.”

Almost as an afterthought, he added, “I had been reading ‘Harry Potter’ at the time.” Asked to what extent his love for the books had motivated that early curiosity within the sport, Mr. McGovern replied: “It’s hard. I don’t want to say more now.”